One of the most important and time-consuming steps in preparing an article is its editing. Unfortunately, not all authors pay due attention to it. Such an underestimation negatively affects the quality of the document, its perception by the reader. Who among us has not seen such “uncombed” materials that need to be edited and edited? And vice versa: many essays attract us not only with interesting thoughts, but also with clarity, if you like, with the elegance of presentation. It is immediately evident: an experienced and conscientious master of thought and language thoroughly worked with the text.
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Sometimes the author himself acts as such an intelligent “repairman”. Regardless of this, the process of editing the paper continues after it, already at the editorial level, because “from the outside it is more visible.” In any case, you need to know and use in practice the basic techniques of editing an article. Let’s highlight the most significant of them.
How to start custom paper writing as an author
A priori, the editor must become an ally of the author, and not his opponent, let alone a rival. Therefore, he is initially obliged to delve deeply into the author’s intention, to understand it. If you do not delve into the essence of the above, it will hardly be possible to convincingly correct and improve the text. At best, only “cosmetic”, superficial, formal editing will come out.
It is important for the editors to determine the degree of their interference in the text: it will be only a purely linguistic, literary, stylistic correction (this is often what happens), or the text will have to be changed thoroughly. In the second case, the author’s exclusive risks and can turn into a fundamentally different text.
To truly “understand the author”, a professional editor carefully analyzes his text in the context of logic, features of presentation and disclosure of material, composition, style, etc. Notices the originality of the author’s manner of the story, its verbal tricks, characteristic techniques, expressions, and other points, which together define the unique author’s “Self” and which it is desirable to preserve during editing and proofreading. At the same time, the editor notices those obvious errors, shortcomings and excesses that must be removed without prejudice to the assignment itself.
Simplify text with the help of an essay editing service
Behind the outward naivety of this recipe is a great practical lesson. When editing an essay, you need to simplify its verbal structure as much as possible. Good papers should be easy to read.
That is why experts advise to split awkward, heavy sentences into short ones in the text you edit, this will make it easier for the reader to get into the essence of what has been said. Split long and complex sentences 2 – 3 – 4 simple, nominative. Replace or remove long words like “low-paid” and “highly sensitive” (better to say “low-wage” and “with high sensitivity”), as well as sentences and words-parasites, official and pseudoscientific phrases that do not carry any semantic load. For example, such “categorical” words and formulations as “most”, “always”, “extremely”, with the assistance of which the author tries to emphasize the highest degree of comparison, the maximalism of what was said.
Also try to avoid tongue-tied abbreviations and neologisms. Especially those that are understandable only to a narrow circle of custom academic writers, and are not found in everyday speech. In extreme cases, you must immediately explain, decipher them. Avoid general phrases and abstractions – instead, specifics are much more convincing, involving the reader’s experience in the process. For example, the expression “Author of many scientific articles” will win in the edition “Author of more than 100 scientific articles”. Remember: the simpler and more specific the presentation, the more accessible and convincing it is.
Once the students of the French sculptor Rodin asked him: “Maestro, how do you manage to create even complex compositions so easily?” To which Rodin remarked: “Nothing complicated: I just take a block of marble and cut off everything unnecessary from it.”
Here is another good formula for an editor who has the text of an assignment at hand as a “block of marble”. All he has to do is cut off unnecessary words from it, a verbal “husk” that does not benefit the text, but only harms it. The “Remove unnecessary” advice applies not only to individual sentences, their fragments and words, but also to the structure of the text itself. It often contains unnecessary repetitions, banal thoughts, boring general considerations and phrases. That is why ruthlessly throw away such stereotyped “pearls” as “should be said”, “everyone knows that”, “it is impossible not to notice”, “as follows from the above” and the like.
In the famous book 50 Writing Techniques, its author Roy Clarke recommends using strong verbs, an active form of action, as much as possible when preparing an article. Agree that of the two sentences: passive “Students have successfully passed the test in style” and active “Students have successfully passed the test in style”, the second option is more energetic and attractive, closer to lively conversation rather than barren book speech.
In addition, it is also shorter in terms of word count and printable characters. In addition, Clarke advised, discard modal, categorical verbs like “may,” “should,” “need,” “must,” “requires,” “worth,” “necessary,” and the like.
In many cases, the conscious omission of the predicate, which does not carry a heavy load, will help to strengthen the energy of the sentence.
Do not believe your eyes
Nothing is more upsetting than a gross factual error in a serious publication. It is upsetting that the author did not bother to check, and the editor did not bother to double-check. As a result, double non-professional negligence turns into marriage and inaccuracy, well, if not misinformation. Therefore, make it a firm rule to personally check in your or someone else’s manuscript every single date, quotes, references, and so on.
In this regard, irreplaceable assistants are not only all kinds of encyclopedic dictionaries and reference books, serious scientific and other publications, but also an Internet resource available to almost everyone. And, of course, those of your friends and colleagues whom you consider to be true experts and whom you fully trust.
It is possible that one day, checking yourself or another author, you, with all your diligence, will be able to find out the ultimate truth. For example, the exact date of the battle or the publication of the book. And citations in different sources are sometimes ambiguous. For example, there are many good-quality Bible translations with differences in the texts. In this case, honestly refer to the original source from which you obtained the information.
Don’t be lazy
Separately, it is worth recalling important tips for editing a manuscript by the author himself. We will assume that he has sufficient knowledge not only in the topic he has chosen, but also in the field of spelling, punctuation, stylistics, etc. However, in this case, the likelihood of an unwanted oversight or error (even if mechanical) remains.
A journalist Phil Harding shows the way out, a former news director for BBC World Service. He advises trying to look at your own composition as if from the outside: “Leave it overnight., Print it .., change the font .., read the paragraphs in reverse order .., it is best to read slowly.”
The principle “Tomorrow is a new day” is psychologically sensible not only when writing a scientific article. By deliberately moving away from what he created for a while, the author will be able to refresh his tired attention and look at his own text in a different way. To notice those errors that earlier, in the excitement of writing, were invisible to him.
Finally, a few more essential wishes:
– do not shift the editing process to Word on your computer. Like any other text editor, it will not detect all errors even in spelling, and, alas, it does not know and does not catch some subtle rules and exceptions;
– develop a sense of proportion in shortening and improving the text. Do not turn this process into an end in itself, and the article into a sterile note in a wall newspaper;
– learn. Try to analyze how other, more experienced editors, an expert works. Take for an educational analysis two versions of the article that attracts you: the initial, draft and final, already printed. Compare exactly how and thanks to what the first of them was successfully transformed into the final, and you will be surprised at the outward simplicity of such a change.
And most importantly: don’t be lazy! Treat text editing as a very necessary and important matter, without which a truly interesting scientific article cannot be created!
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